The Effects of The Tanzanian Railway Network in the Performance of the Rail Freight Operations
A Case of Dar es Salaam to Isaka
Keywords:Railway, Transport, Performance, Rail Freight
The railway is the fundamental means of transport, especially for freight. It has a substantial contribution to the sustainable economy of the country and the region at large. However, some factors have been affecting the performance of rail operations; especially for freight, to the extent of reducing the modal share from rail to roads. This has been resulting in high road maintenance costs and underutilization of the available capacity in the railway. This research has studied the factors affecting the Tanzanian railway network in the performance of rail freight operations. The focus was on the corridor from Dar es Salaam to Isaka because it serves most of the landlocked countries such as Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, and Eastern DRC. The study used the Performance Measurement theory with the Balanced Scorecard model. Data analysis was done by the Linear Regression statistical method with the aid of SPSS version 20. The results of the study show that derailments, washouts, and rail freight wagons maintenance capacity directly affect the performance of rail freight operations. TRC, therefore, needs to strategize measures for ensuring that derailments and washouts are very much reduced. A plan for quick recovery must be in place in case a derailment or washout happens. Also, TRC should enhance its capacity for maintaining the rail freight wagons to ensure its optimal availability. Railway should be viewed as a potential area for investment because it supports the growth of other sectors as well. If constraints are minimized in the railway system; the performance of rail freight operation will be high and many customers will be attracted to use the railway as a preferred mode of transport, hence, the modal share to the railway will increase.
Ahi, M., Yildiz, K.(2018). Determining the performance criteria of the railway market: A case study. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity. 4. 10.1186/s40852-018-0084-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-018-0084-5
Aritua, B.,(2019). The Rail Freight Challenge for Emerging Economies, World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 31089, April. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-1381-8
Ballis, A.,Dimitriou, L. (2010). Issues on railway wagon asset management using advanced information systems: Transportation Research Part C. Emerging Technologies, 18. 807-820. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2009.09.003
Boru, T. (2018). Chapter Five Research Design and Methodology 5.1. Introduction Citation: Lelissa TB (2018); Research Methodology; TheUniversity of South Africa, Ph.D. Thesis. 10.13140/RG.2.2.21467.62242.
Business Dictionary.com. Retrieved May 16, 2020, from BusinessDictionary.com, website: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/maintenance-capacity. html.
Cambridge international dictionary of English. (1995). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Collins English dictionary. (1994). Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers.
Frederico, G., Cavenaghi, V. (2017). Measuring Performance in Rail Freight Transportation Companies. International Business Research. 10. 117. 10.5539/ibr.v10n11p117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v10n11p117
Grüning, M. (2002). Performance-measurement-systeme – Messung und Steuerung von Unterneh-mensleistung. Dissertation, Technische Universität Dresden DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-08089-3
Kaplan, R., Norton, D. (1992). The Balanced Scorecard - Measures That Drive Performance. Harvard Business Review, 70(1), 71-79.
Kaplan, R., Norton, D. (1996). Linking the balanced scorecard to strategy. California Management Review, 39, 1, 53-79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/41165876
Kothari, C. (2004). Research methods: methods and techniques. 2nd revised edition. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited.
Limi, A., Martin, H., Mchomvu, Y. (2017). Rail transport and firm productivity: Modal Choice between Rail and Road Transportation. Working Paper number 8174. World Bank. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-8174
Liu, X., Barkan, C., Saat, R. (2011). Analysis of Derailments by Accident Cause. Transportation Research Record. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 22(61), 178-185. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3141/2261-21
Micheli, P., Mari, L. (2013). The theory and practice of performance measurement. Management Accounting Research. 25. 10.1016/j.mar.2013.07.005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mar.2013.07.005
Ranjan, R., Chatterjee, P., Chakraborty, S. (2016). Performance evaluation of Indian Railway zones using DEMATEL and VIKOR methods. Benchmarking: An International Journal. 23, 78-95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-09-2014-0088
Rietveld, P., Bruinsma, F. R., Koetse, M. J. J. (2007). Infrastructure Maintenance Costs: A Comparison of Road, Rail, and Inland Navigation. In OECD (Ed.), Estimation and Evaluation of Transport Costs, (49-76). Paris: OECD.
Robson, C. (2002). Real-World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers, (2nd Ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
Sarstedt, M. & Mooi, E. (2014). Regression Analysis. 10.1007/978-3-642-53965-7_7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-53965-7_7
Saunders, M.N.K., Lewis, P., Thornhill, A. (2009). Research methods for business students. 5th edition. Harlow: FT Prentice Hall.
Sharma, M., Debnath, R., Oloruntoba, R., Sharma, S. (2016). Benchmarking of rail transport service performance through DEA for Indian railways. International Journal of Logistics Management, 27. 629-649.
TRC, (2019). Board Paper on Kilosa-Gulwe-Flood Prone Area, Tanzania Railways Corporation, TRC.
Wettstein, T. (2002).Gesamtheitliches performance measurement – Vorgehensmodell und informations-technische Ausgestaltung. Dissertation, Universität Freiburg, Schweiz.
Wikipedia contributors. (2020, October 1). List of countries by rail transport network size. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:45, October 8, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_countries_by_rail_transport_network_size&oldid=981238255.
Wikipedia contributors. (2019, August 16). Washout. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 13:22, October 8, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washout&oldid=911041674
Wikipedia contributors. (2020, August 13). Derailment. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 12:53, October 8, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Derailment&oldid=972613595.
Woodburn, A. (2017). The impacts on freight train operational performance of new rail infrastructure to segregate passenger and freight traffic. Journal of Transport Geography. 58. 176-185. 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.12.006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.12.006
World Bank, (2014).IDA Project Appraisal Document to the Republic of Tanzania in Support of the Intermodal Rail Development Project. Washington DC: World Bank.
Yusof, Z., Wan, Y., Wan, F., Maarof, F. (2014). Causality analysis in a business performance measurement system using a system dynamics methodology. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1605, 1201-1206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4887761
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Edwin Leonard, Lilian Macha
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyrights for articles published in IJIER journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author for more visit Copyright & License.